12 Survival Skills Everyone Should Know!

12 survival skills everyone should know - Living Off the Grid

In today’s world, having essential survival skills is more important than ever. That’s why we’re excited to share with you an incredible video by Survival Lilly, where she covers 12 survival skills that everyone should know. From building a fire to purifying water and finding shelter, these crucial skills will prepare you for any emergency situation that may arise. Survival Lilly’s expertise and passion shine through as she demonstrates each technique, providing clear instructions and valuable tips along the way. So get ready to expand your knowledge and enhance your preparedness with these 12 survival skills that are essential for everyone!

The video, created and produced in Austria, features Survival Lilly showcasing her skills and sharing her expert insights. It’s filled with useful information and practical demonstrations that make it easy for anyone to follow along and learn. Plus, by supporting Survival Lilly through the affiliated links provided, you not only gain access to valuable products but also contribute to the growth of her channel and the creation of more incredible videos. So don’t miss out on this opportunity to acquire vital survival skills and be equipped to face any challenge that comes your way. Tune in and get ready to embark on an exciting and educational journey with Survival Lilly’s “12 Survival Skills Everyone Should Know” video!

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Finding and Purifying Water

How to locate water sources

When in the wilderness, finding a reliable source of water is crucial for survival. There are several methods we can use to locate water sources. One effective method is to follow animal tracks and trails, as they often lead to water. Additionally, listening for the sound of running water can help lead us to a stream or river. Another technique is to look for low-lying areas, as water tends to accumulate in depressions. Digging a small hole in those areas can reveal hidden water sources. It’s important to remember that water sources may not always be visible, so being observant and using multiple techniques will increase our chances of finding water.

Methods of water purification

Once we have located a water source, it is crucial to purify it before consuming. There are various methods of water purification available to us in the wilderness. Boiling water for at least five minutes is a reliable and effective method. If boiling is not possible, we can use water purification tablets or chlorine dioxide drops, which are lightweight and easy to carry. Another method is using a water filter, which can remove bacteria and parasites. It’s essential to follow the instructions of the specific filter or purification method being used to ensure the water is safe to drink.

Building a makeshift water filter

In situations where we don’t have access to modern water filtration equipment, we can create a makeshift water filter using readily available materials. One method is to construct a filter using layers of sand, gravel, and charcoal. By pouring water through this filter, we can remove large particles, sediments, and some bacteria. Another option is to make a solar still. This involves digging a hole, placing a container in the center, covering the hole with plastic, and weighting down the edges. As the sun heats the ground, water evaporates and condenses on the plastic, trickling down into the container.

Starting a Fire

Different types of fire-starting techniques

Fire is essential for warmth, cooking, signaling, and purifying water. Knowing different fire-starting techniques can be invaluable in the wilderness. One of the most common methods is using a fire starter or matches. It is essential to keep these tools dry and protected in a waterproof container. Another technique is using a bow drill, which involves creating friction between a wooden spindle and a fireboard to create an ember. Flint and steel, as well as a magnifying glass or a lens, can also be effective fire-starting tools. It’s crucial to practice these techniques before venturing into the wilderness to ensure familiarity and efficiency.

Gathering tinder and kindling

To start a fire successfully, it is essential to gather sufficient tinder and kindling. Tinder refers to dry, fine materials that catch fire easily, such as dry leaves, grass, or bark. It is the first fuel source for the fire. Kindling consists of small sticks and twigs that ignite quickly and help sustain the fire. Collecting dry twigs, dead branches, and small pieces of wood is essential for building a fire that can be sustained over time. It’s important to search for these materials in the surrounding area before starting the fire and to protect them from moisture to ensure they ignite easily.

Practice fire safety

Fire safety should always be a top priority when starting and maintaining a fire in the wilderness. It’s crucial to choose a safe location for the fire, away from flammable materials such as dry grass, leaves, or overhanging branches. Clearing the area around the fire of any debris or potential fire hazards is essential to prevent an accidental wildfire. It’s also important to monitor the fire at all times and extinguish it completely before leaving the site or going to sleep. Having a water source nearby and knowing how to use it to control the fire is crucial for fire safety in the wilderness.

Building a Shelter

Choosing the right location

When building a shelter in the wilderness, choosing the right location is critical for comfort and protection. We should look for an area that is flat and elevated, away from potential hazards such as flood zones or rockfall areas. Preferably, the location should provide natural shelter from the elements, such as under tree canopies or rock formations. It’s important to avoid areas prone to strong winds that could compromise the stability of the shelter. Additionally, proximity to water sources, firewood, and potential food sources should also be considered when selecting the location for a shelter.

Constructing a basic shelter

There are various types of shelters we can construct in the wilderness depending on available resources and individual needs. One simple and effective shelter is the lean-to shelter. This involves propping a long pole horizontally against a tree or using a fallen tree as a support, and then placing branches or foliage against the pole to form a sloping roof. Another option is the debris shelter, which involves creating a framework using fallen branches and covering it with leaves, moss, or any other natural materials to insulate against the elements. It’s important to ensure that the shelter is sturdy, windproof, and provides adequate drainage from rainwater.

Creating insulation and protection

To increase the effectiveness of our shelter, it is important to create insulation and additional protection. Insulation helps retain body heat and keep us warm during cold nights. Collecting materials such as dry leaves, moss, or even shredded clothing can be used to create a thick layer between ourselves and the ground for insulation. Additionally, using natural materials such as branches or rocks to create a windbreak around the shelter can help protect against strong winds and create a more comfortable and secure environment. Taking the time to insulate and protect the shelter can significantly improve our chances of survival in harsh conditions.

Basic First Aid

Knowing how to perform CPR

Having basic first aid knowledge and skills is vital in a survival situation. One crucial skill to learn is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), as it can save a person’s life in the event of cardiac arrest. CPR involves a combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths to maintain blood flow and oxygenation. Training courses are available and provide hands-on practice to ensure confidence and effectiveness when performing CPR. Knowing the correct technique and staying calm during an emergency situation can make a significant difference in the outcome for the person in need of assistance.

Treating common injuries

In a survival situation, injuries are likely to occur, and knowing how to treat common injuries can prevent further complications. Cuts and wounds should be cleaned thoroughly with clean water or antiseptic solution and covered with a sterile dressing or bandage to prevent infection. Splinting fractures or sprains with improvised materials such as sticks or clothing can immobilize the affected area and decrease pain. Understanding how to recognize and treat symptoms of dehydration, heat exhaustion, or hypothermia is also crucial in maintaining overall health and wellbeing in challenging circumstances. Being prepared with a basic first aid kit can provide essential supplies to treat injuries effectively.

Understanding basic medical supplies

A basic knowledge of medical supplies can be valuable in a survival situation. Understanding the uses and applications of items such as bandages, adhesive tape, antiseptic solutions, and pain relievers can aid in providing necessary medical care. It’s important to familiarize ourselves with the contents of a basic first aid kit and know how to use its components effectively. Knowledge of basic medical supplies can help address minor injuries and potentially alleviate discomfort or pain until further medical attention is available.

Using natural landmarks

When navigating without a compass, natural landmarks can serve as reliable points of reference. Mountains, rivers, and prominent rock formations can provide visual cues to determine direction and create mental maps of the surrounding area. It’s important to observe the shapes and patterns of the land and memorize these landmarks to aid in navigation. By using specific features as guideposts, we can better estimate our position, direction, and distance traveled.

Tracking the sun and stars

The sun and stars can also be used as navigation tools when no compass is available. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west, providing a general east-west reference. Shadow movement can also indicate the direction of north and south. At night, the North Star, also known as Polaris, is a reliable point of reference for determining north. Other prominent stars and constellations can also be used to navigate. It’s essential to familiarize ourselves with these celestial objects before venturing into the wilderness to effectively use them as navigational aids.

Learning to read a map

Reading and understanding maps is a valuable skill for wilderness navigation. Topographic maps provide detailed information about the terrain, including elevation, contour lines, and landmarks. By understanding scale, symbols, and orientation on a map, we can navigate accurately even without a compass. It’s important to practice reading maps and orienting ourselves to the actual landscape to ensure we can transfer the information effectively. Combining knowledge of map reading with natural landmarks and celestial navigation provides a comprehensive approach to wilderness navigation.

Finding and Foraging for Food

Identifying edible plants and mushrooms

Knowing how to identify edible plants and mushrooms can supplement our food sources in the wilderness. It’s crucial to familiarize ourselves with local flora and learn to distinguish between edible and poisonous species. Identifying characteristics such as leaf shape, color, and fruiting bodies can provide valuable information. Some common edible plants include dandelions, cattails, wild berries, and nettles. However, it’s essential to identify plants with absolute certainty, as consuming toxic plants can be life-threatening. Carrying a field guide on edible plants or consulting with experts can help increase our knowledge and confidence in foraging for food.

Hunting and trapping techniques

Hunting and trapping are other methods to obtain food in the wilderness. Learning to construct and set basic snares or traps can increase our chances of catching small game such as rabbits or squirrels. Understanding animal tracks, signs, and behavior can aid in locating potential hunting areas. It’s important to research local regulations on hunting and trapping and ensure compliance with legal requirements. Hunting and trapping should always be done ethically and responsibly, with respect for wildlife and conservation.

Setting up simple snares

Snares are an effective and efficient way to catch small game in a survival situation. They can be constructed using natural materials, such as vines or cordage made from plant fibers. Snares should be set in areas with signs of animal activity, such as game trails or near feeding areas. It’s important to construct snares correctly and place them strategically to increase the chances of a successful catch. Regularly checking and adjusting the snares is essential to avoid trapping non-target animals or losing potential food sources.

Preparing and Cooking Food

Methods of food preservation

Preserving food in the wilderness is essential to prevent spoilage and avoid waste. One method of food preservation is dehydration, which involves removing moisture from food to inhibit the growth of bacteria and mold. This can be done by air drying or using the sun’s heat. Another method is smoking, which adds flavor and acts as a natural preservative by creating an environment that inhibits bacterial growth. Salting and fermenting are other traditional methods of food preservation. Properly preserving food ensures a longer shelf life, reduces the risk of foodborne illnesses, and maximizes the use of available resources.

Creating a makeshift cooking stove

Having a reliable cooking stove can significantly improve our ability to prepare food in the wilderness. In the absence of traditional cooking equipment, we can create a makeshift stove using minimal resources. One method is the Dakota fire hole, which involves digging a hole, creating a vent, and using rocks or logs to support a pot or container. Another option is constructing a rocket stove, which is a portable stove made from tin cans or other heat-resistant materials. These stoves provide efficient heat transfer and minimize fuel consumption, making them suitable for cooking with limited resources.

Cooking with limited resources

Cooking in a survival situation often requires improvisation and making the most of limited resources. Using ingredients and utensils available can lead to creative solutions. For example, wrapping food in leaves or using rocks as heat conductors can serve as alternatives to traditional cookware. Preparing one-pot meals using a combination of ingredients, such as foraged plants, small game, and grains, can provide a balanced diet. It’s essential to pay attention to food safety and proper cooking times to avoid foodborne illnesses. Adaptability, resourcefulness, and creativity are key when cooking with limited resources in the wilderness.

Self-Defense and Protection

Basic self-defense techniques

In a survival situation, the ability to defend ourselves is important for personal safety. Basic self-defense techniques can help deter potential threats and buy time to escape. Techniques such as striking vulnerable areas (such as the eyes or groin) and using leverage to immobilize an attacker can be effective. However, avoiding confrontations and maintaining situational awareness should always be the primary focus. Self-defense training and practice can increase confidence and effectiveness in protecting ourselves when facing potential danger.

Building improvised weapons

In situations where self-defense becomes necessary, improvising weapons can provide an additional layer of protection. Natural objects such as rocks, sharpened sticks, or bones can be utilized as improvised weapons. It’s important to assess the situation carefully and only use weapons as a last resort. Understanding the potential risks and legal implications of using weapons is crucial, as laws and regulations vary depending on the geographic location. Resorting to improvised weapons should always be a measure of self-preservation and used responsibly.

Creating a safe perimeter

Creating a safe perimeter around our camp or shelter can enhance our overall security in the wilderness. One method is to set up tripwires or alarm systems using simple materials such as string, tin cans, or small bells. These devices can alert us to the presence of wildlife or potential threats. Placing noise-making devices or scatter items, such as pebbles or broken glass, around the perimeter can deter intruders. It’s important to remember that safety measures should be balanced with the goal of minimizing harm to ourselves and the surrounding environment.

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Surviving in Extreme Weather

Preparing for hot and cold climates

Surviving in extreme weather conditions requires proper preparation. In hot climates, it is essential to stay hydrated by drinking water regularly and seeking shade during the hottest parts of the day. Wearing loose-fitting and lightweight clothing can help regulate body temperature. Applying sunscreen and wearing a hat can protect us from excessive sun exposure. In cold climates, layering clothing and using insulating materials such as wool or thermal blankets can help retain body heat. Using waterproof and windproof outer layers and covering exposed skin can prevent frostbite and hypothermia.

Dealing with heavy rain and storms

Heavy rain and storms can pose significant challenges in a survival situation. Finding or constructing a waterproof shelter is crucial to stay dry and avoid hypothermia. Clearing drainage channels around the shelter can prevent flooding. It’s important to avoid low-lying areas or areas prone to flash floods. If caught outside during a storm, seeking shelter under trees or rock formations should be avoided due to the risk of lightning strikes. It’s essential to pay attention to weather forecasts and make informed decisions regarding travel or sheltering during inclement weather.

Avoiding hypothermia and heatstroke

Both hypothermia and heatstroke can occur in extreme weather conditions and can be life-threatening. To avoid hypothermia, it’s important to stay dry, insulate the body from the ground, and wear layers of clothing to trap body heat. Consuming warm fluids and high-calorie foods can also help maintain body temperature. Heatstroke, on the other hand, can be prevented by seeking shade, staying hydrated, and avoiding excessive physical exertion during the hottest parts of the day. It’s crucial to recognize the early signs of these conditions and take immediate action to prevent further complications.


Being prepared for survival situations in the wilderness is essential. Knowing how to find and purify water, start a fire, build a shelter, provide basic first aid, navigate without a compass, find and forage for food, prepare and cook food, defend ourselves, and survive in extreme weather conditions equips us with the necessary skills to face the challenges of the unpredictable outdoors. By learning and practicing these survival skills, we increase our chances of overcoming adversity and ensuring our own safety and well-being. Remember, always prioritize safety, adaptability, and resourcefulness when exploring the great wilderness. Stay prepared, stay safe, and enjoy the wonders of nature!

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